foreign minister have both suggested that berlin could take a more proyactive role in addressing security challenges. addressing world leaders, the president and foreign minister said germany's military could become more involved in joint efforts to resolve international conflicts. berlin has been criticized for not being more engaged in u.n.-sanctioned military missions. >> germany should participate more actively in international security issues. that's according to german foreign minister who spoke at the security conference on friday. he said germany is an important player on the global stage and must assume a bigger role in resolving conflicts around the world. >> emphatically support a culture of miltry restraint and i consider it to be just. but that shouldn't be understood as a culture of
nonengagement. >> germany is too large to simply comment on world politics from the sidelines. >> his words echoed those of the german president who delivered the opening speech at the confrent. he said it was important that germany do more internationally and not hide behind the guilt of the past. >> more responsibility does not mean more muscle plexing or going it alone. completely the contrary. through international cooperation, particularly within the european union, germany will gain more standing and influence. the president also commented on the need for critical debates when considering military action. >> if the intervention of the
army as a last resort is under discussion, germany should neither either say no nor as a reflex say yes. >> the u.n. secretary general recently called on germany to broaden its role in international conflict resolution. and he is likely to welcome the indications of a shift in german foreign policy. ukrainian opposition leaders are meeting with top western officials at the conference today. the alleged torture of opposition activist has sent shock waves through the international diplomatic community. he is now reportedly being held under house arrest on suspicion of organizing mass unrest. fears are also growing that the army is preparing to crush the anti-government demonstrations on independence square in kiev. our chief political correspondent at the munich conference, i spoke to her a
short while ago and asked what direction discussions they are taking on ukraine. >> the public statements being made by american and european leaders emphasize that it is absolutely urgent that a peaceful solution be found for ukraine and they said the country should not be forced to take sides to choose between europe or russia and that the prime minister should realize that there is no time he should not use delaying a tactic. opposition leader is here and he has been meeting with leaders behind closed doors from both the u.s. and europe. but hopes that that quiet diplomacy may be able to accomplish a peaceful solution may be tempered by the time of clash that we heard here this morning between secretary of state of the u.s. john kerry and russia's foreign minister lavrov.
basically, mr. lavrov saying there are criminal elements on the streets of kiev and john kerry saying politicians are being bought off and that it would be much easier to work together with russia to accomplish a solution, but nobody should make any mistake, the u.s. and europe will stand with ukraine no matter what. >> there are several conflicts brewing around the world that are obviously being discussed there. what are the main sources of tension at this year's security conference? >> many of those conflicts, syria, iran, really require cooperation between the west and russia in order to move forward. but the fact is, one of the major sources of tension here this year is between the west and russia. if you remember, this is the place where the reset button was pushed between the u.s. and russia. it's also the place where the foreign minister of russia could sit down on the panel with the u.s. secretary of state. that is not happening here this year. we heard some very harsh
exchanges, indirect exchanges between the west and russia. we've also heard the head of nato saying it looks like we're being forced to choose between cold cooperation and constructive engagement. the fact is, if you listen to the kind of legalistic answers given here by the russian foreign minister you would have to conclude that half-hearted cold cooperation looks like the way going forward. >> thank you very much. relations between germany and the united states have been strained recently by relations over u.s. surveillance programs. u.s. secretary of state john kerry dropped by berlin on his way to the security conference and he called for more trust between the two countries. kerry said 2014 should be a ear of building bridges. in munich, we asked him about the future of the transatlantic
relationship. >> minister, you said yesterday that germany needs to send a very strong signal to the u.s. in regards to its disappointment on the surveillance scandal. wouldn't the strongest signal be coupling further discussion on free trade agreement with real reform of the nsa? clearly many people here feel the signal so far hasn't been heard in washington. >> it is true. i tried to send a strong message yesterday, but to stop the negotiations on free trade would not be in our interests. so we are dependent on information with america, we are close partners, close friends. we need cooperation, including the cooperation between services. but the condition for that is trust and if you see the polls, the anti-americanism is growing. this is not in the interests of america and of germany. so we need a sign to rebuild
trust. this is politically very important. >> the chairman of the congressional intelligence committee told you yesterday that if economic business espionage has been committed, anybody in the nsa involved would go to jail. does that satisfy you? does that rebuild the trust you're talking about? >> no. this is the understanding this is american law and i believe it. but we don't know which information of snowden are correct or not. so the exchange of information is what happened is the first step to rebuild trust. and there, we need new talks. >> you also expressed dispoiment that the u.s. has not gone further to agreeing on a no spy agreement with germany.
the foreign minister of germany, said today that we need a transatlantic forum to talk about international norms to regulate surveillance and big date avement wouldn't that be the better path rather than a no spy, to really approach this multilaterally and try to come up with an international agreement? >> this no spy treaty was an american idea. first proposed by general alexander. in the we see a relax american government, the government, international rules are of course better. that's for sure. but it takes time. so from my point of view our minister of the interior, and american point of view homeland security, it's important that we protect our conversation in the internet ourselves. so we cannot only rely on law, we are to rely on our own
protection and to be more cautious than we were. so we need these three elements of more security on the internet. >> the german interior minister talking to dw at the munich security conference. in other news, gunfire has erupted on the streets of bangkok as proand anti-government protesters clashed again. at least seven people have been wounded including an american photo journalist. demonstrations have been going on for weeks with opposition groups demanding that the prime minister step down. >> final preparation for sunday's vote. hundreds of workers helped to pack electoral lists and ballot boxes in a district of bancock. this is an election tieland's government is determined to push through. but protesters vow to disrupt
it. hundreds marched to the capitol for the third day running on saturday. they accused the government of wasting tax pare money to buy the vote of poor rural communities. they say the prime minister is a corrupt partner of her brother who was ousted from office eight years ago. >> the citizens know that taxing citizens want to use the election to legitimate themselves so they will look innocent. but citizens everywhere know that the agenda is dangerous for thailand. protesters are calling for a boycott of the election. some plan to build road blocks to stop voters reaching the polling stations. whether they succeed or not, the country's power struggle looks set to continue. >> sports news now. in friday only saw one game but it was a good one. they had been struggling in the
least most of the season and were keen to show they were still a force to be reckoned with. >> they came on as the replacement for injured teammate. and an inspired choice it was. the player was the decisive factor in the game. twice, he scored for his side including heading home across from robert 11 of ski. in minute 54, they tapped the ball in to level the score. but in the end, it was dortman's superior quality that shown through. the first win for his team since november. >> moving to winter sports. and the countdown is almost over for athletes from around the world. the winter olympics are now just six days away. we'll be keeping a close eye on all of the action here.
nd on our website. germany's male ice hockey players won't be competing in russia but some of their teammates will still be representing germany. that's because some of the stars of the women's team play in the men's league. >> she is always in the thick of the action. she throws herself across the ice to block any shots that scom her way. -- come her way. >> you don't see the puck every time. through experience, you learn roughly where it's going to come from. it's pure replex and sometimes it pays off. >> she used to join in with boys playing hockey as a child. now she's playing a for a men's team in germany's third division. she says it's improved her game
for the women's national team. >> it's good for germany team as well. the men's teams train more and have more games. >> she has had to get used to the increased physicality of the men's league. there's no chance of her opponents going easy on her. >> no holding back. this is a head-to-head. we treat her like she's a man. >> she's well prepared for the olympics. germany aren't among the favorites to win the medal in women's ike hockey but the games could give the sport a boost. >> it would be great if we got more media coverage and support thanks to the olympics. >> she hopes that would make women interestd in playing. for women's teams or men's. more on the upcoming
olympics, you kind find out a lot more at our site. stay with us here. >> making a flurryry of last-minute preparations. >> i brought 100 young people a along, cadets. the candles of remembrance ceremony will last for three hours. we do it in memory of all those who perished during the seige of lennon grad in world war ii. i asked about the cold. it doesn't bother us, she said. we're used to it. we'll stay for the fireworks. >> these women are looking orward to the fireworks.
for a few days st. petersberg is taking on its soviet name, lenin grad. the city remembers one of the greatest and deadliest episodes of world war ii, the forces of nazi germany surrounded the city from september 19 41 until january 1944. an estimated 1 million people died nearly half of the population. i visit one of the survivors. living on the outskirts of st. etersberg. hello. brought this booka for you.
she's been expecting me. the polite hostess makes us a pot of tea. she is 80. she living in a modest apartment. even after so many years, hers is an epic story. she was seven when the germans launched its 2-1/2 year seige. it was cut off from the outside world. and one by one, the young girl lost her family. within months, the grandparents died of starvation, then her father, and finally her mother. all that remains are photographs and memories. >> she shows me a picture of her mother in happier times. she was 27 when the snapshot was taken. the war began one year later, and her mother died at age 28. her father ignored the orders
of soviet authorities to evacuate the city. his fateful decision would soon turn the 7-year-old into an rphan. she tells me that they would boil furniture paste to eat. one day, the plates were on the table but her mother didn't return from the bathroom. the girl called out but there was no answer. she found her mother dead on the floor. after that, she was alone and soon there was no more furniture paste. so she sought out chairs and ate the saw dust. then there was no more wood and nothing more to eat. she tells me she wrote letters to relatives asking them to save her. he messages never arrived.
after the war, she learned to be a cook. she vows never to go hungry again. we traveled to the city's center to the area where she lived during the war. these days she can't afford to live in the historic districts. rents are too high. her retirement pace just enough to cover a one-room apartment outside the city. she's angered by the injustice of it all. >> look at all the war memorials. there is money to build them but not to take care of survivors. i have no reason to celebrate. some day i will die and no one will remember me. as we drive into the old part of town, memories come alive. of childhood and the war. she tells me she would love to see the family's apartment but she's convinced they would never let her in. the neighbors she grew up with are all dead. and the new residents would
surely look at her as an alien. the address. the apartment building survived intact despite a continuous barrage of german artillery. she tells me the facade has changed little since the war. she tells me she loved living here. the children played hide and seek in the courtyard and skipped rope in the sunshine. i asked her whether she ever returned after the war's end. yes, she repolice. in 1948 it was a warm and emotional home coming. everything is new and different here, she says. even the door belle. she is clearly nervous.
her heart is pounding. after a few minutes, the door opens and immediately shuts gwen. the new tenant is in no mood for uninvited guests. everything's changed, she tells me. outside, she guides me down to the river. she tells me water was the one thing they had plenty of during he nearly 900 day seige. >> this is where people got water. there were long lines here in the winter. the number of water runs per day would determine simply by how big the buckets were. she remembers that she only had a small jar and had to run up and down the stairs several times per day. she recalls that in the winter of 19 42 the steps were slick with ice. no one boiled the river water. and rations amounted to 125
grams of bread per day. to survive, she gathered and ate almost anything she could to be softened with water. wall paper glue, leather, tree bark, and paste. overpowered by memories of that time, she asks that i take her back home. we agree to meet again in the evening. i'll attend the commemoration ceremonies alone. in the old city center i encountered sand bags and barbed wishe. it's an attempt to recreate the ambens of the blockade. officials call it historic econstruction. military vehicles are on display along with images of the war years as somber music sets the tone.
>> a city guide brings me back to the here and now. a snapshot with a soldier impersonator taken in front of an actual bath from the time period. it's proving to be a popular ourist attraction. this woman is a tourist. visiting to make sure that this historic day will not be forgotten. i ask her what she finds so important about it. she replizz that the pain sufert here should never be repeated.
the atmosphere here is almost carnival like. the historic reconstruction has attracted mostly young people. the city spent nearly 6 million euros for the anniversary. some criticize it as wasted revenue. they say the funds should have gone to increase pensions for the survivors. i meet with the councilman. he is a busy man but he makes one thing clear. he says it's disgusting to finance a recreation of this kind. the seige led to suffering, stor vasion, bombs and the painful death of so many people. the city has turned this into some kind of happy spectacle made of plastic and paper. he rejects it as t.s.a. less and unworthy. -- taste less and unworthy. i asked him if commemorations
like these serve as a source of pride for modern russians and whether it's a way to display strength and influence the world over. he then becomes angry. he replizz that true strength can only be proven through culture, scientific achievement and education. not by historic recreations. most citizens think differently. they say celebrations like this are important, especially to give younger generations a feel for the true horrors of war. i meet some young people on the lavition prospect shopping boulevard. the candles of remembrance observation gets under way soon beginning with a minute's silence. usually the noise level here is ear-splitting. now, rare quiet.
fireworks over the river cap a big day. ut one person hasn't attended. survivor of the seige of len yin grad. she just can't summon the strength. still she has drepped up for the -- dressed up for the occasion. perhaps her grandchildren will stop by. until then she says she will have her own celebration, watching television. this is my life, she tells me. ú
[soft exotic flute music] ♪ captioning and audio description provided by the u.s. department of education. >> bokara: so today, we're going to do a show about transformation with two real experts in the field. it's michael murphy and jon kabat-zinn. jon kabat-zinn is a doctor, an author, and a meditation teacher. and michael murphy is